The Church of Scotland's General Assembly voted Monday night to allow gay and lesbian clergy.
The proposal must be endorsed by the Church's regional presbyteries and officially confirmed next year by the General Assembly.
The Church of Scotland appointed its first openly gay minister four years ago, and the decision caused a rift within the Church. Two congregations and six ministers split from the Church in protest.
The openly gay minister, the Rev. Scott Rennie, pastors at the Queen's Cross parish in Aberdeen, Scotland. The Rev. Rennie told BBC Radio Scotland that he thought the General Assembly vote was a "good decision" and a "fair compromise."
Tom French, from the Equality Network, told BBC Radio Scotland: "This is a positive step forward for a more equal society, and speaks to the progressive values of 21st century Scotland."